Introduction: Thyroid is a small gland which can be found in the frontal neck area of our body. This gland is extremely important for the human body, as it produces T4 and T3 hormones. These hormones help the body cells to produce energy. Deficiency of these hormones can lead to laziness, lack of energy, muscle erosion, chronic pains in different parts of the body and many other physical troubles. For proper metabolism, these hormones have crucial roles to play. People often experience various disorders with the thyroid gland, and hyperthyroidism is such a disorder. It is important to get proper treatment for the hyperthyroidism. Treatments, symptoms, and foods to avoid with hyperthyroidism are discussed in the following section.
What Is Hyperthyroidism?
As discussed above, the deficiency of T3 and T4 hormones can lead to various physical disorders. Similarly, increased secretion of the hormones can also lead to various disorders. When thyroid gland releases a high amount of T3 and T4 hormones, the condition is known as hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism can lead to various complications, including blood pressure irregularity, heart-related problems, and many other physical issues. There are certain ways to avoid hyperthyroidism. The best method is to adopt a proper dieting schedule. For that, you need to know the foods to avoid with hyperthyroidism. In the following section, we shall discuss symptoms, causes, and foods to avoid in hyperthyroidism.
What Causes Hyperthyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism is caused due to many reasons. For example, Grave’s disease is a reason behind hyperthyroidism. This disease stimulates the thyroid gland and makes the gland to secrete hormones from the thyroid at high quantity. This disease happens to women more than men. The disease also has a genetic link. That means it gets registered into human DNA. From one person of the family, this disease spreads to other persons via DNA. Apart from Grave’s disease, hyperthyroidism happens due to many reasons. These reasons are discussed in the following section.
- Excessive iodine in your food can cause excessive secretion of hormones from the thyroid gland. So, when it comes to foods to avoid in hyperthyroidism, you should avoid seafood and excessive salt consumption to reduce overall iodine consumption.
- Inflammation of the thyroid gland is a prominent cause of hyperthyroidism. The inflammation is caused due to many reasons.
- Formation of lump or tumor inside or around thyroid gland is a reason behind hyperthyroidism. Formation of tumor causes excessive secretion of T3 and T4 hormones from the thyroid gland.
- If you consume foods that contain a high amount of tetraiodothyronine, you may become a victim of hyperthyroidism. You should know the foods to avoid in hyperthyroidism.
Common Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism is a common disease, which mostly happens to women. Though women are most vulnerable, men also often face the disorder. From kids to adults, everyone is vulnerable to this disorder. Once identified, the disorder can be controlled or treated. For that, proper medication and perfect dieting schedule are important. You need to consume the proper foods to avoid with hyperthyroidism. But, the most important thing is to diagnose the disorder properly. If not diagnosed at an early stage, it can leave a grave impact on your body. Eventually, you shall end up facing various kinds of physical complications due to hyperthyroidism.
- Blood Pressure Irregularity: The commonest aftermath of hyperthyroidism is blood pressure irregularity. Due to secretion of hormones at high amount, high blood pressure level is experienced.
- Increased Heart Beat Rate: Due to blood pressure irregularity, heart-related problems are faced by the victims of hyperthyroidism. Increased heart-beat rate is a common issue for such people. It enhances the risk of heart attacks or cardiac arrest.
- Weight Loss or Gain: Rapid weight loss or gain is experienced by the victims of hyperthyroidism.
- Frequent and Irregular Bowel Movements: Increased T3 and T4 hormones level in blood-stream can potentially lead to bowel movement issues. It can enhance toxin level in your body. Nevertheless, it can lead to nutritional problems. So, proper dieting is important for the patients of hyperthyroidism. So, it is important to know the foods to avoid with hyperthyroidism.
- Menstrual Problem: Menstrual issues among women would get triggered by the hyperthyroidism.
Apart from these major or prominent symptoms of hyperthyroidism, there are some additional symptoms of hyperthyroidism. These symptoms are listed in the following section of this article.
- Nervousness and sweating palm
- Difficulty in sleeping
- Physical weakness
- Nausea and vomiting tendency
- Hair loss
When you experience these symptoms, you should consult your family physician without wasting time. These symptoms clearly show that you are suffering from hyperthyroidism, though medical tests are essential for the confirmation. If you have been detected with hyperthyroidism, you should adopt a proper dieting schedule. You need to learn about the foods to avoid with hyperthyroidism. An experienced dietician or nutritionist can help you in this matter.
Diagnosis of Hyperthyroidism
Doctors generally diagnose hyperthyroidism through various symptoms, as mentioned above. However, symptoms are not enough in today’s time. A lot of medical tests are there to confirm hyperthyroidism. So, you should undergo these medical tests. Some of the commonest and authentic medical tests for detection of hyperthyroidism are discussed below.
- Cholesterol Test: High percentage of cholesterol in blood-stream is a common aftermath of hyperthyroidism. Through a cholesterol test, the presence of cholesterol level can be detected in your blood. If cholesterol is abruptly high, it confirms that you are suffering from hyperthyroidism.
- T3 and T4 Hormone Test: Hyperthyroidism causes increased hormonal secretion from the thyroid gland. Thus, a high percentage of T3 and T4 hormones in the blood can be understood as a reason behind hyperthyroidism.
- Ultrasound Test: Through ultrasound test, inflammation or infection of the thyroid gland can be detected. This test is done to recognize the hyperthyroidism.
There are many other medical tests which can confirm hyperthyroidism. Once the disease is diagnosed, you need to follow proper treatment and dieting schedule. It is important to know the foods to avoid with hyperthyroidism.
Medications of Hyperthyroidism
To cure inflammation of thyroid gland, anti-inflammatory medicines are prescribed by the doctors. You should consult a good doctor if you are detected with hyperthyroidism. Based on your physical strength and conditions, you shall be prescribed the medicines. Along with proper medicines, it is important to follow a perfect dieting schedule. There are some foods that you should not consume if you are detected with hyperthyroidism. There are certain foods that must be consumed by the patients of hyperthyroidism. A list of the foods to avoid with thyroid and foods to eat with hyperthyroidism has been provided in the following section.
Foods to Avoid When You Are Suffering from Hyperthyroidism
At first, we need to know the foods to avoid with hyperthyroidism. If you have been detected a patient of hyperthyroidism, you must avoid some foods. A few food items are there which stimulate the thyroid gland. As a result, segregation of hormones from thyroid gland abruptly increases after consumption of the food. To avoid such conditions, you need to know the foods to avoid with hyperthyroidism. In the following section, a list of the foods to avoid with thyroid has been provided.
1. Soy-Based Foods
Soybean is known as the rich source of plant protein. Soy has been used for producing different foods items, including soy milk, tofu, soy sauce, etc. According to the experts, the consumption of soy-based foods at high quantity can enhance the risk of hyperthyroidism. So, when it comes to the foods to avoid with hyperthyroidism, you must avoid the soy-based foods. In fact, soy foods can cause complications for those who are taking thyroid medicines. The medicines may get absorbed by the soy, and thus it would not have any effect on your body.
2. Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower, etc.
You should avoid cruciferous vegetables, like broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, etc. All these vegetables are enriched with natural fiber and a lot of important nutrients. But, these vegetables may harm the natural functional aspect of the thyroid gland. So, when it comes to listing the foods to avoid with thyroid, you should list these foods. You may not have to stop consumption of these vegetables. You can reduce the consumption of these vegetables.
Gluten is found in wheat, rice, barley, and other grains. You should avoid gluten consumption as much as possible to avoid hyperthyroidism. Gluten can cause irritations in the small intestine. It can lead to low absorption of the hormones that are released from the thyroid gland. As a result, the percentage of T3 and T4 gets increased in your blood. So, rice and wheat are the foods to avoid with hyperthyroidism.
4. Fatty Foods
Foods that come with a high percentage of fat should be avoided by the patients of hyperthyroidism. Such foods to avoid with hyperthyroidism include butter, margarine, mayonnaise, etc. In red meat, especially beef, pork and goat, a high percentage of fat can be found. You need to avoid that high percentage of fat to stay healthy. Thyroid gland disorder can cause obesity, and eating fatty foods will further cause fat accumulation to your body.
5. Processed Foods
Processed and packaged foods must be avoided by the patients of hyperthyroidism. Processed foods generally have a lot of sodium. Frozen meats come with a high percentage of sodium and iodine. As a result, thyroid gland faces problems in conducting its natural activities. Processed foods can potentially trigger hyperthyroidism. So, you should keep in mind that frozen and process foods to avoid with hyperthyroidism.
6. Surgery Foods
Hyperthyroidism causes your metabolism to slow down. As a result, such people have a tendency to put on weight rapidly. So, when it comes to the foods to avoid for thyroid, surgery foods must be avoided. You must focus on your calorie intake otherwise you shall end up gaining a lot of weight.
7. Alcoholic Drinks
Alcohol-based drinks must be avoided when you become a victim of hyperthyroidism. Alcohol may cause reactions to the medicines that you consume for hyperthyroidism. Apart from that, alcohol may have some impact on the thyroid gland, causing abnormal hormonal secretion. Moreover, alcohol is not good for your heart condition. Hyperthyroidism already causes heart troubles, and alcohol can potentially make it worse.
Foods for Patients of Hyperthyroidism
So far, we have learned the foods to avoid for thyroid. Now, it is the time to know the foods that you must consume when you are diagnosed with the risk of facing hyperthyroidism.
1. Low Iodine Food
Hyperthyroidism means the thyroid gland has turned overactive. In such conditions, dieticians suggest you iodinated foods to avoid with hyperthyroidism. Instead of high iodine foods, you should consume foods that come with low iodine presence. Some of these foods are:
- Egg white
- Black tea
- Unsalted nuts
- Peanut butter
- Low iodine salt
- Chicken, turkey, etc.
2. Selenium Based Foods
When you have been diagnosed as a patient of hyperthyroidism, you should know the foods to avoid with hyperthyroidism. Also, you should learn about the food that you can consume. Selenium-based foods are safe to be consumed for the patients of hyperthyroidism. Selenium can also treat hyperthyroidism. The foods that come with a high percentage of selenium are:
- Basil nut
- Cottage cheese
3. Foods with High Percentage of Iron
You should know foods to avoid for thyroid and also the foods to consume when you are diagnosed with hyperthyroidism. High-percentage iron in foods is a good thing for the patients of hyperthyroidism. Some of the foods that come with a high amount of iron are:
- Dark chocolate
- Chicken and turkey
4. Low-fat Greek Yogurt
If you are fond of ice-cream, you should avoid them as they can cause obesity for the patients of hyperthyroidism. Instead of ice-cream, you can choose low-fat Greek yogurt. It is healthy and it does not come with the risk of causing obesity.
Conclusion: At the conclusion, it has to be stated that almost 12% of the world population is the victim of hyperthyroidism. Proper medicines are essential for the treatment of the disorder. You also need to know the foods to avoid with hyperthyroidism. Consulting a dietician could be the best thing, as patients of hyperthyroidism tend to lose or gain weight rapidly. Proper nutrition balance and perfect dietary schedule can help such patients to live without any worries.